Battle of Torredembarra, AD 1713
Batalla de Torredembarra
14.05.2017 (to be confirmed)
Torredembarra (Tarragona, Catalonia autonomous region)
The geographical, cultural and historical context
Torredembarra is a small town located in a plain along the left bank of the river Gaià, about 13 km from Tarragona and 80 km from Barcelona, in the autonomous community of Catalonia, on the eastern side of Spain. Since the middle of the past century Torredembarra has become one of the best beloved and liveliest resorts of the Costa Daurada or Dorada (the Golden Coast), the stretch of coastline along the province of Tarragona, between Cunit and Alcanar, on the Mediterranean Sea. The Costa Dorada is known for its wide golden sandy beaches (hence the name), the mild climate, the beautiful promenades lined with pine trees, and the crystal-clear waters. Torredembarra boasts also a rich heritage is also witnessed by the several Roman ruins covering the territory. Although the area was already inhabited in ancient times, the first urban centre in the area, at Clarà, was founded in the Middle Ages (around AD 1000), while the very birth of Torredembarra, less than 2 km from Clarà, took place in the 12th century. In 1235, the archbishop of Tarragona granted Torredembarra the dignity of a parish.
The very event for which Torredembarra went down to history took place at the gates of the city on July 16, 1713: a feat of arms, also known as the "Battle of Torredembarra", during which a contingent of about 1200 pro-Habsburg Catalan volunteers were decimated by a better armed and trained detachment of the Bourbon army. Still today, the sacrifice of so many young lives is commemorated by citizenship through a historical commemoration. This event was part of the War of Spanish Succession (1702-1715), a major European conflict triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain, the infirm and childless Charles II, who had been ruling over a vast global empire. Attempts to solve the problem of his succession by peacefully partitioning the empire between the eligible candidates from the royal houses of France (Bourbon), Austria (Habsburg), and Bavaria (Wittelsbach) ultimately failed. Besides, on his deathbed Charles II fixed the entire Spanish inheritance on his grandnephew Philip, Duke of Anjou, the second-eldest grandson of King Louis XIV of France. Soon after the war erupted opening battlefields all over Europe.
The Festival Battle in Torredembarra celebrated every year in May is the historical re-enactment of the battle that took place in the town on 16 July 1713 during the War of Spanish Succession. Throughout the day, the Castle square is occupied by a military camp with tents, weapons, ground fires, food and the soldiers who take part in the military demonstrations and the great reenactment of the Battle of Torredembarra. The visitors can also enjoy a walk through the stalls of the faithfully recreated 18th century market with craftsmen and merchants selling all kinds of historical and traditional products, while offering an exhibition of the 18th-century trades and crafts workshops, such as blacksmithing, pottery, weaving among the others.
Please contact the Organizers for confirmation and further details.
Info & Contact
Torredembarra Town Council and Tourism Office
Ajuntament de Torredembarra Patronat de Turisme
Tel.: +34 977 644580 | Fax: +34 977 643835
Costa Duarada Tourism Office
Patronat de Turisme de la Diputació de Tarragona Costa Daurada
Address: Passeig Torroja, s/n, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
Tel.: +34 977 230312 | Fax: +34 977 238033
Image: Torredembarra Town Council and Tourism Office
Text sources: Torredembarra Town Council and Tourism Office, Wikipedia
Torredembarra on Google Maps:
Video reportages and trailers of the event: