Battle on the Ice, Lake Peipus, AD 1242
Samolva (Gdovskiy district, Pskov region)
Geographical, cultural and historical context
The village of Samolva is located in the Gdovskiy district, about 5km from Nizhniy Novgorod, 90 km from Pskov and 234km from Saint Petersburg, in the northwest of Russia along the border with Estonia. The northern part of the territory is a depression of glacial origin and belongs to the basins of the rivers Plyussa and Zhelcha, while the southwestern part is swampy and seasonally flooded by Lake Peipus. During the Middle Ages the area, being located at the western border of the Russian lands, was constantly attacked by Germans, Swedes, and Poles.
A major battle in the European history has been fought in the area: the famous “Battle of the Ice”, also known as the Battle of Lake Peipus which took place on April 5, AD 1242 close to the today village of Kobylye Gorodishche by the narrow strait connecting the northern and southern parts of Lake Peipus. It was a clash between the Teutonic Knights (a German medieval military order formed to help German christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals, and later on engaged in crusades against the pagan tribes in the northern Europe and Eastern Orthodox Christians) and the Novgorod Russians led by Alexander Nevsky (1220-1263 AD), Prince of Novgorod and Vladimir-Suzdal (formally known as the Grand Duchy of Vladimir), a legendary and key figure of the medieval Russia thanks to his victories over the German and Swedish invaders. The battle, which is notable for having been fought mainly during harsh conditions and mostly on the frozen surface of the lake, resulted in Novgorodian victory, thus marking the end of the crusaders campaigns against the Russian territories.
Event description and programme
The battle is reenacted every year around the same date and place by hundreds of reenactors from Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus and Ukraine through historical parades, archery and crossbow displays and contests, knights tournaments and buhurts (an ancient medieval mass battle), and, as well as seminars and master classes devoted to medieval themes, lectures and conferences, religious ceremonies, and of course the great battle reenactment deploying archers, cavalry and infantry units.
Please contact the Organizers for confirmation and further details.
Info & Contact
All-Russian military historical public movement; Regional center of folk arts (Pskov Region);
Public organization “Tula city youth club of historical re-enactment and fencing”
Address: Samolva village, Gdovskiy district, Pskov Region, Russian Federation
Tel.: +7 9109456259, +7 9109443754
Image: Псковское агентство информации (http://informpskov.ru/)
Text: Wikipedia, Военно-исторический фестиваль "Ледовое побоище"
Samolva on Google Maps:
Video reportages from the event: