The Anzio Beachhead, AD 1944
Lo Sbarco di Anzio, 22.01.1944
Anzio, Roma (Lazio region)
A spectacular and touching commemoration of “Operation Shingle”, the code name for the WW2 allied amphibious landing in the maritime area on the west coast of Italy aimed to free Rome from the German occupation in 1944... Anzio, a renowned tourist resort and an important port since the ancient Roman times, has definitely become a prominent word in the annals of war!
Geographical, cultural and historical context
Anzio, located on the Tyrrhenian sea about 56 km from Rome, is a colourful fishing-town and a beautiful seaside resort, as well as a hub for the ferries and hydroplanes to the charming Pontine Islands (Ponza, Palmarola and Ventotene). Anzio has a very ancient history and according to legends has been founded either by Antaeus, son of Ulysses and the sorceress Circe, or by Ascanius, son of Trojan Prince Aeneas. During the Roman Age the town, by name Antium, was an important harbour and a resort beloved by the Roman emperors as witnessed by the remains of luxurious villas all along the coast. Anzio went down to history as the landing-spot for the Allies freeing Italy from the Nazis during WW2.
The Allied beachhead, which took place on January 22nd, 1944, was one of the most crucial and bloodiest military operations of WW2 resulting in many casualties and the destruction of great part of the town heritage, but led to the liberation of Rome and central Italy from the Nazis occupation. At 02:45, on January 22nd US and British forces landed on the beaches of Anzio under the aircraft coverage of the US fighters which achieved 465 passages over the bridgehead and other 165 over the fleet offshore. The landing ended on January 31st: in all over 100.000 men with a large amount of equipment and weapons. But the final goal of freeing Rome was still longer to be achieved as the Allies had to wait until May 31st before breaking the famous "Caesar Line", the last Nazis’ defence line before Rome stretching from the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Anzio to the Adriatic Sea north of Pescara.
Event description and programme
Every year Anzio commemorates the famous beachhead with a rich programme of events and initiatives including ceremonies and honour guards at the War Memorial, military parades and bands, veterans’ meetings, conferences, lectures, displays of paratroopers, exhibitions of military vehicles, historical camps and WW2 battle reenactment.
Please contact the Organizers for confirmation and further details.
Info & Contact
Anzio Beachhead Museum / Museo dello Sbarco di Anzio
Address: Via di Villa Adele - 00042 Anzio (Roma)
Tel./Fax.: +39 06 9848059
Mob.: +39 3494556241
Anzio Town Council
Address: Via di villa Adele - 00042 Anzio (Roma)
Tel.: +39 06 98499406 - Fax: +39 06 98499473
Image: Anzio Beachhead Museum
Text sources: Anzio Town Council, Wikipedia, Anzio Beachhead Museum
Anzio on Google Maps:
Video reportages from the event: